BioScience Trends. 2013;7(2):109-112. (DOI: 10.5582/bst.2013.v7.2.109)
Analysis of the clinical characteristics and treatment of two patients with avian influenza virus (H7N9).
Lu SH, Xi XH, Zheng YF, Cao Y, Liu XN, Lu HZ
Avian influenza is one of the most dangerous contagions in poultry worldwide, and avian influenza A viruses are the major pathogens responsible. Outbreaks of H7N9, a strain of the avian influenza A virus H7 subtype, have increasingly been reported in several countries since 2007. This spring, H7N9 broke out in China and has thus far caused 24 cases of infection and 7 deaths. Recently, we treated two patients with H7N9 infection. The infection was characterized by respiratory symptoms, fever, rapid progression, and significant hypoxemia. Laboratory tests showed a low level or decrease in leukocytes, a drop in blood platelets, and an increase in myocardial enzymes and aspartate aminotransferase. Oseltamivir, anti-infective drugs, and immunoglobulin were administered. Supplemental oxygen or non-invasive mechanical ventilation helped to relieve symptoms. This report provides information on the clinical characteristics and treatment of two Chinese patients with H7N9.