BioScience Trends. 2018;12(3):291-297. (DOI: 10.5582/bst.2018.01082)
Cinobufacini inhibits epithelial-mesenchymal transition of human hepatocellular carcinoma cells through c-Met/ERK signaling pathway.
Qi FH, Wang JJ, Zhao L, Cai PP, Tang W, Wang ZX
Cinobufacini, an aqueous extract from the skins and parotid venom glands of the toad Bufo bufo gargarizans Cantor, is a well known traditional Chinese medicine widely used in clinical cancer therapy in China. Its therapeutic effect is especially pronounced in liver cancer. However, the precise mechanisms induced by cinobufacini in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells are still not very clear. Here, we investigated the effects and mechanisms of cinobufacini on inhibiting HepG2 cells invasion and metastasis. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is identified as an important initiation step for HCC metastasis. After the HepG2 cells were treated with different concentrations of cinobufacini, the expression of EMT related E-cadherin was increased while N-cadherin and Vimentin were decreased, and the expression of EMT related transcription factors Snail and Twist were decreased. Moreover, the phosphorylation of c-Met was inhibited by cinobufacini, and the expression of MEK1/2 and ERK1/2, the downstream kinase of the signal transduction pathway activated by c-Met, also decreased in a dose-dependent manner with cinobufacini. In addition, after the cells were treated with different concentrations of cinobufacini, there was a significant decrease in MMP-2 and MMP-9 expression in HepG2 cells. In conclusion, the current study suggested cinobufacini could prevent HepG2 cells migration and invasion via inhibiting EMT through c-Met/ERK signaling pathway, which might provide experimental evidence for cinobufacini treatment of HCC.