BioScience Trends. 2008;2(4):151-154.
Appearance of high-molecular weight sialoglycoproteins recognized by Maackia amurensis leukoagglutinin in gastric cancer tissues: A case report using 2-DE-lectin binding analysis.
Inagaki Y, Usuda M, Xu HL, Wang FS, Cui SX, Mafune K, Sugawara Y, Kokudo N, Tang W, Nakata M
Aberrant expression of sialoglycoconjugates has been thought to play an important role in cancer progression. Our previous lectin-histochemical study showed that overexpression of sialoglycoconjugates recognized by α2,3-sialic acid-specific Maackia amurensis leukoagglutinin (MAL) was significantly related to the malignancy of gastric cancer. The present study analyzed the sialoglycoproteins in gastric cancer tissues by 2-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) in combination with lectin-binding analysis using MAL. Various MAL-positive sialoglycoproteins were detected in cancer tissues but not in non-cancer tissues. The sialoglycoproteins have a high molecular weight of near 200 kDa and over 200 kDa with different pI values for the two. This suggests that the MAL-positive sialoglycoproteins detected in gastric cancer tissues have high molecular weights and may contain different numbers of α2,3-linked sialic acid residues in the carbohydrate moiety.