BioScience Trends. 2017;11(5):595-599. (DOI: 10.5582/bst.2017.01224)
5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) fluorescence-guided Mohs surgery resection of penile-scrotal extramammary Paget's disease.
Peng XQ, Qian W, Hou JG
This report aims to evaluate the usefulness of 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) fluorescenceguided Mohs surgery resection of penile-scrotal extramammary Paget's disease for achieving maximum tumor resection. Between January 2014 and December 2015, 5 patients underwent surgical resection of a penile-scrotal extramammary Paget's disease in department of urology, Huashan hospital, Fudan University. All patients were coated with 5-ALA (concentration of 20%) throughout the scrotum and the visible range of the lesion plus a 2cm margin 3 hours before the induction of anesthesia. 5-ALA fluorescence was visualized using an ultraviolet (UV) light at 405 nm. Surgical margin was determined in a standardized manner. The extent of resection was evaluated on the basis of frozen and histology sections. If the fluorescence positive punctate lesions were found outside the resection range, we removed the lesions and sent them for pathological examination. All data were prospectively collected, and the shortand long-term outcomes of the treatment strategy were analyzed. Lesions in the blue light turns red after irradiation, the fluorescence-guided surgery delineated range is less than the naked eye, intraoperative frozen prompted negative margins, postoperative pathological diagnosis. A total of 31 scattered lesions were found. After biopsy pathology prompted four were positive. In conclusion, 5-ALA fluorescence-guided minimum range can be completely removed in penile-scrotal Paget's lesions, and it is able to detect distant scattered lesions.