BioScience Trends. 2017;11(4):483-489. (DOI: 10.5582/bst.2017.01183)
Organ-preserving surgery for locally advanced duodenal gastrointestinal stromal tumor after neoadjuvant treatment.
Lv A, Qian HG, Qiu H, Wu JH, Li Y, Li ZW, Hao CY
This report aims to investigate the feasibility and outcomes of neoadjuvant imatinib mesylate (IM) administration followed by organ-preserving surgery (OPS) for patients with locally advanced duodenal gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). Between 2012 and 2015, 10 consecutive patients with locally advanced duodenal GISTs were treated in Peking University Cancer Hospital. Multidisciplinary assessment was implemented, and pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) was initially indicated as the most probable surgical procedure for all 10 patients. To attempt to create opportunities of less-invasive OPS for patients, neoadjuvant IM was administered followed by radical resection. All data were prospectively collected, and the short- and long-term outcomes of the treatment strategy were analyzed. The median treatment duration of neoadjuvant IM administration was 5 mo (range 2-18 mo). Significant tumor shrinkage (from 9.2 to 5.9 cm on average) was observed in all patients, and partial response was achieved in eight patients (80.0%) according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors 1.1. No tumor perforation occurred, and nine patients (90.0%) underwent successful OPS with four different operation types. Postoperative morbidity rate of OPS was 55.6% (5/9), and no mortality occurred. After a median follow-up of 36 mo, one patient developed multiple distant metastases, but no local recurrence was observed. For long-term follow-up, patients who underwent OPS did not show any degradation in quality of life, whereas the patient who underwent PD suffered weight loss of ~10 kg. In conclusion, in patients with locally advanced duodenal GISTs, neoadjuvant IM administration followed by OPS is a feasible treatment strategy which leads to favorable short- and long-term outcomes.