BioScience Trends. 2017;11(4):475-482. (DOI: 10.5582/bst.2017.01121)
A comparison of liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and enzyme-multiplied immunoassay technique (EMIT) for the determination of the cyclosporin A concentration in whole blood from Chinese patients.
Li WL, Li R, Liu HJ, Guo X, Shaikh AS, Li PL, Wang BJ, Guo RC, Zhang R
Cyclosporin A (CyA) is an immunosuppressive agent widely used in clinical therapy. In the therapeutic process, the blood concentration of CyA should be monitored to avoid or prevent rejection and toxicity. The objectives of this study were to compare the correlation of liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and enzyme-multiplied immunoassay technique (EMIT) for the determination of the CyA concentration in human blood and to provide evidence for the rational usage of EMIT in clinical practice. Blood samples collected from 132 patients undergoing a liver or kidney transplant or patients with aplastic anemia at Qilu Hospital of Shandong University were tested using the two methods. The calibration curve was linear from 25-500 ng·mL-1 for LC-MS/MS and from 50-450 ng·mL-1 for EMIT. The inter- and intra-day RSDs were less than 15%. The CyA blood concentration according to EMIT was 3.5 ng·mL-1 more than that according to LC-MS/ MS. The 95% confidence interval was –10.0~16.9 ng·mL-1. The CyA blood concentration according to the two methods did not differ significantly (p > 0.05). LC-MS/MS and EMIT were suitable methods for determining the CyA blood concentration. The two methods were closely correlated (r2 = 0.969), but the CyA blood concentration according to EMIT was slightly higher than that according to LC-MS/MS. The clinical significance of this finding needs to be further evaluated.