BioScience Trends. 2016;10(3):197-201. (DOI: 10.5582/bst.2016.01065)
Bile duct injuries after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: 11-year experience in a tertiary center.
Martin D, Uldry E, Demartines N, Halkic N
Incidence of bile duct injuries (BDI) is low but remains a dramatic complication after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). This study aimed to assess BDI incidence and management strategies. All patients treated in our institution for BDI after LC between 2000 and 2011 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients referred from others centers were excluded. Strasberg classification was used to determine the type of lesion. Thirteen patients presented iatrogenic BDI among 2,840 consecutive cholecystectomies performed (0.46%). Four cases were classified Strasberg type A, 4 type D, and 5 type E. Injury was recognized intraoperatively in 6 cases (46%). Three of these 6 required conversions to open surgery and all but one were primary sutured on a drain; the remaining patient required immediate biliodigestive anastomosis. In 7 patients, the injury was discovered postoperatively (54%). Among them, one was treated by direct closure of a cystic leak through immediate relaparoscopy. Six underwent initially main bile duct stenting, but 4 required delayed secondary surgery (mean time 115 days), 2 to improve bile duct drainage and 2 for biliodigestive derivation. BDI incidence remains low but management depends on the time of diagnosis. BDI are complex and require tailored treatment usually in a tertiary center for a multidisciplinary approach.